Advertisement

Advising Students Interested in Ophthalmology: A Summary of the Evidence

      Despite an 81% successful match rate among United States senior medical students in 2016 in the ophthalmology match (the San Francisco Match), the average number of programs each applicant applies to increased from 45 to 68 from 2006 through 2016, an increase that likely indicates a perceived increase in the competitiveness of matching into an ophthalmology residency program.

      SF Match Residency and Fellowship Matching Services. Ophthalmology Residency. Available at: https://sfmatch.org/SpecialtyInsideAll.aspx?id=6&typ=2&name=Ophthalmology#. Accessed March 1, 2016.

      • Nallasamy S.
      • Uhler T.
      • Nallasamy N.
      • et al.
      Ophthalmology resident selection: current trends in selection criteria and improving the process.
      This perception is likely at least in part a result of the general increase in competitiveness in the National Resident Matching Program for other specialties.
      • Aagaard E.
      • Abaza M.
      The residency application process—burden and consequences.
      This trend has led to an increased financial burden on students and an administrative burden on residency programs. The increase has occurred despite many ophthalmology faculty advising that students apply to far fewer programs and despite the percentage of students successfully matching remaining approximately the same for the past decade.

      SF Match Residency and Fellowship Matching Services. Ophthalmology Residency. Available at: https://sfmatch.org/SpecialtyInsideAll.aspx?id=6&typ=2&name=Ophthalmology#. Accessed March 1, 2016.

      • Nallasamy S.
      • Uhler T.
      • Nallasamy N.
      • et al.
      Ophthalmology resident selection: current trends in selection criteria and improving the process.
      Given this increasing administrative burden on programs and the perception of competitiveness for matching, providing comprehensive and accurate advice to medical students interested in ophthalmology is crucial. However, the advice given to students often is subjective and sometimes even conflicting.
      • Nallasamy S.
      • Uhler T.
      • Nallasamy N.
      • et al.
      Ophthalmology resident selection: current trends in selection criteria and improving the process.
      This editorial reviews and summarizes the current literature on factors potentially affecting match outcomes in an effort to provide objective data to assist faculty and residents in advising students pursuing careers in ophthalmology.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
      Subscribe to Ophthalmology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

      1. SF Match Residency and Fellowship Matching Services. Ophthalmology Residency. Available at: https://sfmatch.org/SpecialtyInsideAll.aspx?id=6&typ=2&name=Ophthalmology#. Accessed March 1, 2016.

        • Nallasamy S.
        • Uhler T.
        • Nallasamy N.
        • et al.
        Ophthalmology resident selection: current trends in selection criteria and improving the process.
        Ophthalmology. 2010; 117: 1041-1047
        • Aagaard E.
        • Abaza M.
        The residency application process—burden and consequences.
        N Engl J Med. 2016; 374: 303-305
        • Yousuf S.
        • Jones L.
        Ophthalmology residency match outcomes for 2011.
        Ophthalmology. 2012; 119: 642-646
        • Loh A.
        • Joseph D.
        • Keenan J.
        • et al.
        Predictors of matching in an ophthalmology residency program.
        Ophthalmology. 2013; 120: 865-870
      2. United States Medical Licensing Examination. USMLE Score Interpretation Guidelines. Available at: http://www.usmle.org/pdfs/transcripts/USMLE_Step_Examination_Score_Interpretation_Guidelines.pdf. Accessed March 15, 2016.

      3. Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society. How Members Are Chosen. Available at: http://www.alphaomegaalpha.org/how.html. Accessed January 3, 2015.

        • Driver T.
        • Loh A.
        • Joseph D.
        • et al.
        Predictors of matching into ophthalmology residency for international medical graduates.
        Ophthalmology. 2014; 121: 974-975
        • Prober C.
        • Kolars J.
        • First L.
        • et al.
        A plea to reassess the role of United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 scores in residency selection.
        Acad Med. 2016; 91: 12-14
      4. National Resident Matching Program. Charting Outcomes in the Match. Available at: http://www.nrmp.org/new-charting-outcomes-match/. Accessed March 15, 2016.