Genome-Wide Association Studies Reveal Genetic Variants in CTNND2 for High Myopia in Singapore Chinese

Published:November 22, 2010DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2010.06.016

      Objective

      To determine susceptibility genes for high myopia in Singaporean Chinese.

      Design

      A meta-analysis of 2 genome-wide association (GWA) datasets in Chinese and a follow-up replication cohort in Japanese.

      Participants and Controls

      Two independent datasets of Singaporean Chinese individuals aged 10 to 12 years (Singapore Cohort Study of the Risk factors for Myopia [SCORM]: cases = 65, controls = 238) and more than 21 years (Singapore Prospective Study Program [SP2]: cases = 222, controls = 435) for GWA studies, and a Japanese dataset aged more than 20 years (cases = 959, controls = 2128) for replication.

      Methods

      Genomic DNA samples from SCORM and SP2 were genotyped using various Illumina Beadarray platforms (>HumanHap 500). Single-locus association tests were conducted for each dataset with meta-analysis using pooled z-scores. The top-ranked genetic markers were examined for replication in the Japanese dataset. Fisher P was calculated for the combined analysis of all 3 cohorts.

      Main Outcome Measures

      High myopia, defined by spherical equivalent (SE)≤−6.00 diopters (D); controls defined by SE between −0.50 and +1.00 D.

      Results

      Two SNPs (rs12716080 and rs6885224) in the gene CTNND2 on chromosome 5p15 ranked top in the meta-analysis of our Chinese datasets (meta P = 1.14×10 −5 and meta P = 1.51×10 −5, respectively) with strong supporting evidence in each individual dataset analysis (max P = 1.85×10 −4 in SCORM: max P = 8.8×10 −3 in SP2). Evidence of replication was observed in the Japanese dataset for rs6885224 ( P = 0.035, meta P of 3 datasets: 7.84×10 −6).

      Conclusions

      This study identified a strong association of CTNND2 for high myopia in Asian datasets. The CTNND2 gene maps to a known high myopia linkage region on chromosome 5p15.

      Financial Disclosure(s)

      Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.
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